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North Idaho College • Coeur d'Alene • Social & Behavioral Sciences • Criminal Justice

Corrections in America CJ-202

  • Fall 2012
  • Section 01
  • 3.0 Credits
  • 08/22/2011 to 12/29/2011
  • Modified 04/18/2013

Course: CJ 202 Section 01 Corrections in America (same as LAWE 202)

Semester: Fall 2012

Instructor: Tom Cronin

Instructor’s Contact Information:

Office: Lee-Kildow Hall 217

Phone: (208) 769-7782

Cell Phone: (208) 691-9175

E-Mail: [email protected]

E-Mail: [email protected]

Instructor’s Office Hours: FacultyFinder

Credit Hours for Course: 3

Course Description:  This course includes a survey of the historical, philosophical, and legal bases of correction procedures and institutions. It also includes an examination of current problems and innovations.

Required Textbook:

American Corrections: Eighth Edition, Clear, Cole, Reisig. Publisher Thomson-Wadsworth, 2009, ISBN:978-0-495-55323-6

Method of Course Delivery:

  1. Lectures
  2. Class Discussion
  3. Student Participation
  4. Field Trip


  1. Examinations 50 question multiple choice/true false=                                400
  2.  Class attendance and articipation=                                                          100 Total=                                                                                                    500

Grade Breakdown

450-500           A

400-449           B

350-399           C

300-349           D

299-                 F

Course Schedule: Class Meets

Seiter Hall Room 102


2:00 - 4:45 PM

Dates              Lecture Topic/Test                                                   Reading Assignments

8/29                Intro,Syllabus,Schedule,Requirements,grading

9/5                 The Corrections System                                            Chapter 1

                        Early History of Correctional Thought…                     Chapter 2

9/12                   History of Corrections in America                           Chapter 3

                        Punishment of Offenders                                         Chapter 4

9/19                 Test # 1, Chap. 1,2,3,4 NO MAKE UP EXAM

                        The Law of Corrections                                            Chapter 5

                        The Correction Client                                               Chapter 6

9/26                 Jails: Detentions and Short Term…                           Chapter 7

                        Probation                                                              Chapter 8

10/3                Intermediate Sanctions and Community…                 Chapter 9

                        Incarcerations                                                     Chapter 10

10/10                 Test # 2, Chap. 5,6,7,8,9,10 NO MAKE UP EXAM

                        The Prison Experience                                          Chapter 11

10/17               Incarceration of Women                                        Chapter 12

10/24               Field Trip

10/31               Institutional Management                                     Chapter 13

                        Institutional Programs                                         Chapter 14

11/7                 Release from Incarceration                                   Chapter 15

                        Making it: Supervision in the Community              Chapter 16

11/14                 Corrections for Juveniles                                     Chapter 17

11/21                Thanksgiving Holiday (Don't eat too much)

11/28               Test # 3, Chap. 11,12,13,14,15,16,17 NO MAKE UP EXAM

                        Incarceration Trends                                           Chapter 18

12/5               Race, Ethnicity and Corrections                              Chapter 19

                        The Death Penalty                                               Chapter 20

12/12                 Surveillance and Control in the Community          Chapter 21

                        Community Justice                                              Chapter 22

12/19               American Corrections: Looking Forward                 Chapter 23

                        Test # 4, Chap. 18,19,20,21,22,23 NO MAKE UP EXAM

Contact Information

Instructor: Tom Cronin

Office Hours one hour before class

cell 208-691-9175


A survey of the historical, philosophical, and legal bases of correctional procedures and institutions and an examination of current problems and innovations. Lecture: 3 hours per week


  • To gain an understanding of the influence of theories and underlying philosophies on correction policies in the United States.
  • To gain insight into kinds of punishable criminal behaviors and recidivism rates of those crimes.
  • To understand how criminal behavior is managed through processes focusing on punishment and correction, including diversion, probation and intermediate sanctions.
  • To gain insight into prison life for both genders, special needs prisoners and juveniles.

Additional Items

Learning Outcomes and Objectives

Upon Completion of this Course, students will be able to:

  1. Review the historical background of correctional institutions.
  2. Discuss the philosophical basis of punishment, deterrence & rehabilitation
  3. Analyze the effectiveness of punishment, deterrence & rehabilitation on criminal behavior.
  4. Study the functioning of correctional facilities.
  5. Remember some of cronin’s great stories.
  6. Describe the social structure and roles in correctional facilities.
  7. Discuss the legal rights and penalties of the confined.
  8. Study alternative to traditional correctional programs.
  9. Become familiar with offender assessment techniques.

Division Policies

For a complete explanation of the North Idaho College Statement on Academic Honesty & Academic Integrity please ferfer to Policy 5.06 & Procedure 5.06.01: 

Academic Dishonesty
Violations of academic integrity involve using or attempting to use any method that enables an individual to misrepresent the quality or integrity of his or her work at North Idaho College. These violations include the following:

Cheating: using or attempting to use unauthorized materials, information, or study in any academic exercise.
Fabrication: falsifying or inventing any information or citation in an academic exercise.
Plagiarism: knowingly representing the words or ideas of another as one’s own in an academic exercise.
Violation of Intellectual Property: stealing, altering, or destroying the academic work of other members of the community or the educational resources,materials, or official documents of the college. Facilitating Academic Dishonesty: knowingly helping another to attempt to violate any provisions of this policy.

Student Responsibility
As outlined in the Student Code of Conduct, all North Idaho College students have both rights and responsibilities: Please access www.nic.ferpa.StudentCode/index.htm for complete information that pertains to this subject.

North Idaho College, in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Section 504/508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, provides both services and accommodations to students who meet the guidelines provided in these acts.  For a complete description, please see:

Please contact the North Idaho College Center for Educational Access in Seiter Hall, Room 100 for assistance.  Phone:  208-769-5947

To withdraw from all courses a student must obtain a college withdrawal form from the Registrar's Office, secure the signatures of those persons indicated on the form, and return the form to the Registrar's office. No student may withdraw from the college after the final date of withdrawal from courses except for compelling and extraordinary reasons. In such circumstances a student must petition the Admissions and Academic Standards Committee for late withdrawal from college using the college withdrawal form available in the Registrar's Office.


For complete information regarding student withdrawals, please see the North Idaho College Policy 5.04.01: 

Institutional Policies

Student Code of Conduct

The Student Code of Conduct applies to any student enrolled at North Idaho College.  This includes, but is not limited to, face-to-face classes and Internet classes.

Student Responsibilities

As students undertake to fulfill the obligations and duties outlined in this document, the college community of which they are a part undertakes to respect the basic freedoms of students. In recognition of students’ rights and dignity as members of the college, North Idaho College is committed to the principles found in the NIC Student Handbook.

Center for Educational Access/Disability Support Services

In compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Section 504/508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, North Idaho College provides accommodations to eligible students who experience barriers in the educational setting due to learning, emotional / mental, physical, visual, or hearing disabilities.  Instructors will provide accommodations to students only after having received a Letter of Accommodation from the Center for Educational Access. 

If a student would like to request accommodations, he or she must contact the Center for Educational Access so that a Letter of Accommodation may be sent to the instructor.  Students requesting accommodations must contact the Center for Educational Access at the beginning of each semester.


By registering at North Idaho College, you agree to provide payment by the due dates. You also understand that collection costs and legal fees will be added if the services of a collection agency are utilized.

If you are registered for a class and do not attend, you will still be liable for the tuition unless you drop the class.


Last day for students to withdraw from semester-length classes:

Instructor-Initiated Withdrawal: Instructors have the right to withdraw students for academic reasons up until the same date; in doing so, instructors must notify students through NIC e-mail within 48 hours of submitting documentation to the Registrar's office, and students have the right to appeal the instructor's decision. For more information, see the NIC Procedure:

Financial Aid Satisfactory Progress Policy: All withdrawals, whether for individual classes, total withdrawal from school, or instructor-initiated are not considered to be satisfactory progress for financial aid.  See the Financial Aid Satisfactory Progress Policy:

Additional withdrawal information:


An incomplete is assigned only if the student has been in attendance and has done satisfactory work to within three weeks of the end of the semester (or proportional length of time for a course of less than a semester in length).  Incompletes are issued only in cases of extenuating circumstances, such as severe illness or injury.  Incompletes are not issued in cases in which the student is simply unable to complete his/her work within the specified semester or session.  If a final grade of "I" is recorded, the instructor will indicate in writing to the Registrar what the student must do to make up the deficiency.  The instructor will indicate in the written statement what permanent grade should be entered if the Incomplete is not removed by the deadline.

All incomplete grades must be removed within six weeks after the first class day of the following term, excluding the summer session.  If the Incomplete is not removed by that date, the grade reverts to the grade indicated by the instructor's written statement authorizing the incomplete.

Discrimination and Harassment

North Idaho College has a zero tolerance policy for any acts of discrimination or harassment of any kind.  For more information, please see the NIC Student Handbook, Code of Conduct Article III and Article VIII. Compliance efforts with respect to these laws and regulations are the responsibility of each member of the campus community and are under the direction of the Dean of Students Office for Student Issues (2nd floor, Edminster Student Union Building, (208) 676-7156) and the Human Resources Office (Sherman Administration Building, (208) 769-3304) for employee issues.

Institutional Statement

DROP FOR NON-PAYMENT:  By registering at North Idaho College, you agree to provide payment by the due dates. You will be dropped from classes if payment is not received by  5 p.m. Pacific Time on the third day of the semester. Students on the waitlist will be given the option to register for classes after students are dropped for non-payment.

REMOVAL FROM CLASS FOR NON-ATTENDANCE:  Attendance is based on your participation in this class. Failure to attend will result in your being removed from this class and may result in your financial aid award being reduced. You are responsible for confirming the accuracy of your attendance record.