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North Idaho College • Coeur d'Alene • Social & Behavioral Sciences • History

Explorations in U.S. History: The Civil War HIST-208A

  • Spring 2012
  • Section 01
  • 3.0 Credits
  • 01/09/2012 to 05/10/2012
  • Modified 01/09/2012

Contact Information

History 208A -01 (Exploration in U.S. History:  the Civil War)

Spring 2012

Social and Behavioral Sciences Division, North Idaho College

Dr. J.R. Jewell

Office:  MOL 201F

Office hours:  MTWRF: 9:15-10:25; T: 5:15-6:00;  MTWR: Noon -12:55 and by appointment

Email: [email protected] 

Meeting Times

HISTORY 208A-01 meets T/R 1:00-2:15 p.m.


Class & Office Schedule

Spring 2012

Instructor: Dr. Jewell

Telephone:  769-3326































Office 9:15 to 10:30



Office to 10:30

HIST 111-01 @10:30

Office to 10:30

HIST 112-02


Office to 10:30

HIST 111-01 @10:30

Office to 10:30

HIST 112-02


History 290-01

 @10:30 to 11:45 



Class to 11:45

Class to 11:45

Class to 11:45

Class to 11:45

CLass to 11:45 



Office from Noon to 12:55

Office from Noon to 12:55

Office from Noon to 12:55

Office from Noon to 12:55




HIST 112-01 from 1:00 to 2:15

HIST 208A-01

@1:00 to 2:15

HIST 112-01 from 1:00 to 2:15

HIST 208A-01

@1:00 to 2:15































Office 5;15 to 6:00






History 111-04/55

From 6:00 to 9:00
























History 208A focuses on the growing sectional crisis, from its origins at the founding of the nation through the eventual Civil War, the conduct of the war, and the resulting outcomes that arose during Reconstruction


McPherson, Battle Cry Freedom

Perman, Major Problems in Civil War History

**There will also be a few handouts during the semester**


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FOCUS OF THIS COURSE:  In the largest sense, the focus of this course is to show that the Civil War did not take place in a vacuum, that it was influenced by a wide range of trends prior to the war and that the war impacted the nation in every conceivable way.  The specific focus of this course is to understand the conditions that led to the widening division between the North and the South, and eventually the war; to establish a working knowledge of the Southern reasons for secession and going to war; the role land, slavery, economics, and cultural differences played in the coming war; the challenges of preparing for war; importance of potential foreign involvement in the war; role race played in political and military decisions as the war progressed; understanding the role of key military leaders and significance in the final outcome of military, political, and social wartime developments; the war’s impact on civilians and the home front.  More generally,  this class, like all liberal arts classes, requires the exercise of critical thinking and effective communication (both written and verbal) skills.  Through quizzes, discussion, informal presentations, and the final essay, students will have the opportunity communicate their understanding of the material.


NATURE OF CLASS:  Class will be divided into pocket lectures, discussions, and student led presentations (video clips will be used as appropriate).  Therefore it is a collaborative effort between all of the students and the faculty.  Students are expected to stay on top of the readings and be ready for each class, so that they can contribute.  This is a college course, and you will be graded accordingly.  As a final point, make certain you understand that I do not give grades, you earn them and the grade you receive in the end will reflect the grade you have earned in this class.


ATTENDANCE POLICY/PARTICIPATION POINTS:  Strictly speaking attendance is kept, but only used to assist in tabulating your participation points.  It is difficult to participate if you are not in class; therefore, frequent absences will result in diminished participation points or the possible complete elimination of those points altogether.  Also, attending the class is the simplest method to ensure that you are well enough versed in the subject to pass this course.  As much of the identification quiz material is drawn from class lecture/discussion, failure to attend will greatly diminish your knowledge of quiz material, resulting in substantially lower grades.   If, for viable reasons, you cannot be in class and should miss a quiz it is possible that you will be allowed to make up the quiz at a time stipulated by me.


IDENTIFICATION QUIZZES:  There will be two identification quizzes.  You will be given two lists of significant persons/events/items which we will have covered in class,  and/or in your readings.  From these lists you will need to fully identify (explain the importance of each within the Antebellum and Civil War years) six topics, on each quiz.  The idea is for these quizzes to help focus your awareness about the fundamental people, events, laws, policies, and etc. during the era.  The quizzes will allow both you the students and me to gage how well you are grasping things prior to the final essays.    


HISTORICAL BIOGRAPHICAL OUTLINES:  Each of you are responsible for two biographical outlines (one of which will be on one of the military leaders of the war, the other will focus on a non military individual who played a prominent role in the prewar years).  You will be responsible for providing a two page biographical outline of those persons.  Each sketch will follow a structured format, beginning with the individuals’ birth and conclude after their death with information about their legacy or impact across time.  Fuller details will be handed out in class.  The due date is November 20, with no exceptions.


BATTLE REVIEW:  The general idea here is similar to the logic behind the identification quizzes, with a format similar to the historical biographical outlines.  Thus, following a format I will hand out, you will conduct research to gain a solid understanding of a battle, which you will choose from a list I will provide, that took place during the Civil War, noting the particulars and the outcome, along with the role in the war.  Fuller details will be handed out to you.


MAJOR PROBLEMS READING QUESTIONS/LEAD:  Each of you will be required to submit two questions for each of the readings from the Major Problems reader before the class days upon which the readings are assigned.  Also, each of you will take the lead in presenting one of the articles from the reader (they will be assigned on a volunteer choice basis).  Part of the requirement is to submit a one to two page outline of your presentation. Relax, it will be very brief and I will provide a suggested format to consider when putting your presentation together.  These points should be easy to earn the maximum.


GREAT DEBATE:  This is the class’ chance to answer the great question:  was the Civil War about slavery or was it about states’ rights.  The class will be divided into two groups, with each responsible to make the strongest case possible for the position they are arguing.  Points will be awarded according to each group’s argument.  This is both a writing and oral exercise.


FINALESSAY:  The final exam will be strictly essay in format, and it will consist of six questions, and yes, it will be cumulative (sorry).  Hey, but the good news is that it will be take home and I will hand it out a week before the final (your completed essays are due on the scheduled final day).  You will have to answer two of the six questions.  Since the exam will be take home, your answers will need to be in extreme detail.  I encourage group discussion, but your answers must be your own.  I will be available for questions during the week, which I also encourage if you are unsure about something.  


PROFESSORS’ PREROGATIVE STATEMENT:  This class is a collaborative effort, where you are expected to be actively involved in the learning process.  Your contributions to the learning process are as important as my guidance.  You must prepare yourself to look at things from a different perspective, to ask the “why” questions, and to participate, to be engaged –which is a responsibility we share jointly.  Although you probably believe your final grade is the most important thing you will get out of this and your other classes, that is not the case.  Each of the instructors here at NIC are providing you with an opportunity to gain knowledge, to expand your intellectual base, and just as we expect you to do your part, we instructors are here to do our best to provide you with the best learning opportunity possible, whether or not you take advantage of those opportunities is up to you, but you will miss a great opportunity if you choose not to take advantage of those chances.



Identification Exams:        30/30 points (6 @ 5  points each X 2)

Biographical Outlines:        25/25 points (2 reviews, 25 points each)

Battle Review:                     30 points

Participation:                        30 points

Reading Presentation          30 points

Great Debate                        30 points

Final Essay Exam:              100 points


                                                330 total

Course Policies

CELL PHONES/TEXT MESSAGING/OTHER UNACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR:  Having cell phones go off in class is disruptive and discourteous to your fellow students and me; therefore, turn off both cell phones and pagers unless you have an emergency, about which you must inform me before class starts.  If your cell phone goes off during class I will deduct 15 points each time it occurs.  If I cannot tell which person’s cell phone is going off, everyone in the general vicinity will lose 15 points unless the person steps forward.  Other unacceptable behavior, such as surfing the web if you have a laptop or sleeping will result in students being directed out of class so that those that want to be there will not be distracted, along with the loss of 15 points (doubling with each incident).


Jan. 12:  Slavery from the Start


Jan. 17, 19:  Land, Slavery, and the West

BCF, chpt. 2


Jan. 24:  The Conditional Compromise

BCF, chpt. 3  


Jan. 26, 31:  Kansas-Nebraska, and the Failure of 1850

BCF: chpt.5

Major Problems: chpt. 3


Feb. 2, 7:  Scott, Lincoln, and No Place Left to Go

BCF: chpts 6-7


Feb. 9:  Importance of Southern Identity

Major Problems:  pp. 33-38, 41-50;


Feb. 14:  In a Corner of Their Own Making

BCF:  chpt. 8

Major Problems: 101-109, 121-134


Feb. 16:  Fort Sumter and the Beginning of the War

BCF:  chpt. 9

**Identification quiz**


Feb. 24, March 1:  Accidents, Incompetence, and the Start of the Real War

BCF:  chpts. 10-11


March 6:  Worth Dying For

Major Problems: chpt 6

**First Biographical Outline due**


March 8:  Slavery and Freedom

Major Problems:  285-297, 308-321


March 13, 15:  Veterans at War (1862)

BCF: chpts. 12-13

Major Problems: 150-161


March 20, 22:  High Tides (1863)

BCF:  chpts. 21-22

**Battle Review Due 3/20**


April 3:  The War at Home

Major Problems, 211-231; 247-275


April 5, 10:  Hard War (1864)

BCF:  chpts. 24-25    


April 12, 17:  To the Very Last

BCF: chpts. 26-27

**Second Biographical Outline due 4/17**


April 19:  War in the Far West

Hand outs


April 24:  A Matter of Perspective

Major Problems: 3-14, 24-27; 465-477 


April 26, May 1:  Reconstructing a Devastated and Divided Nation

Major Problems: 335-354; chapter 11 (documents only), 366-379; 405-413

**Second Identification Quiz 5/1**


May 3:  The Great Debate


May 8  @ 2-4:  Final essays turned in

Division Policies

For a complete explanation of the North Idaho College Statement on Academic Honesty & Academic Integrity please ferfer to Policy 5.06 & Procedure 5.06.01: 

Academic Dishonesty
Violations of academic integrity involve using or attempting to use any method that enables an individual to misrepresent the quality or integrity of his or her work at North Idaho College. These violations include the following:

Cheating: using or attempting to use unauthorized materials, information, or study in any academic exercise.
Fabrication: falsifying or inventing any information or citation in an academic exercise.
Plagiarism: knowingly representing the words or ideas of another as one's own in an academic exercise.
Violation of Intellectual Property: stealing, altering, or destroying the academic work of other members of the community or the educational resources,materials, or official documents of the college.Facilitating Academic Dishonesty: knowingly helping another to attempt to violate any provisions of this policy.

Student Responsibility
As outlined in the Student Code of Conduct, all North Idaho College students have both rights and responsibilities: Please access www.nic.ferpa.StudentCode/index.htm for complete information that pertains to this subject.

North Idaho College, in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Section 504/508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, provides both services and accommodations to students who meet the guidelines provided in these acts.  For a complete description, please see:

Please contact the North Idaho College Center for Educational Access in Seiter Hall, Room 100 for assistance.  Phone:  208-769-5947

To withdraw from all courses a student must obtain a college withdrawal form from the Registrar's Office, secure the signatures of those persons indicated on the form, and return the form to the Registrar's office. No student may withdraw from the college after the final date of withdrawal from courses except for compelling and extraordinary reasons. In such circumstances a student must petition the Admissions and Academic Standards Committee for late withdrawal from college using the college withdrawal form available in the Registrar's Office.

For complete information regarding student withdrawals, please see the North Idaho College Policy 5.04.01: 

Institutional Policies

Student Responsibilities

As students undertake to fulfill the obligations and duties outlined in this document, the college community of which they are a part undertakes to respect the basic freedoms of students. In recognition of students’ rights and dignity as members of the college, North Idaho College is committed to the principles found in the NIC Student Handbook.

Center for Educational Access/Disability Support Services

In compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Section 504/508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, North Idaho College provides accommodations to eligible students who experience barriers in the educational setting due to learning, emotional / mental, physical, visual, or hearing disabilities.  Instructors will provide accommodations to students only after having received a Letter of Accommodation from the Center for Educational Access. 

If a student would like to request accommodations, he or she must contact the Center for Educational Access so that a Letter of Accommodation may be sent to the instructor.  Students requesting accommodations must contact the Center for Educational Access at the beginning of each semester.


By registering at North Idaho College, you agree to provide payment by the due dates. You also understand that collection costs and legal fees will be added if the services of a collection agency are utilized.

If you are registered for a class and do not attend, you will still be liable for the tuition unless you drop the class.


Last day for students to withdraw from semester-length classes for the fall term: November 7, 2011. 

Instructor-Initiated Withdrawal: Instructors have the right to withdraw students for academic reasons up until the same date; in doing so, instructors must notify students through NIC e-mail within 48 hours of submitting documentation to the Registrar's office, and students have the right to appeal the instructor's decision. For more information, see the NIC Procedure:

Financial Aid Satisfactory Progress Policy: All withdrawals, whether for individual classes, total withdrawal from school, or instructor-initiated are not considered to be satisfactory progress for financial aid.  See the Financial Aid Satisfactory Progress Policy:

Additional withdrawal information:


An incomplete is assigned only if the student has been in attendance and has done satisfactory work to within three weeks of the end of the semester (or proportional length of time for a course of less than a semester in length).  Incompletes are issued only in cases of extenuating circumstances, such as severe illness or injury.  Incompletes are not issued in cases in which the student is simply unable to complete his/her work within the specified semester or session.  If a final grade of "I" is recorded, the instructor will indicate in writing to the Registrar what the student must do to make up the deficiency.  The instructor will indicate in the written statement what permanent grade should be entered if the Incomplete is not removed by the deadline.

All incomplete grades must be removed within six weeks after the first class day of the following term, excluding the summer session.  If the Incomplete is not removed by that date, the grade reverts to the grade indicated by the instructor's written statement authorizing the incomplete.

Discrimination and Harassment

North Idaho College has a zero tolerance policy for any acts of discrimination or harassment of any kind.  For more information, please see the NIC Student Handbook, Code of Conduct Article III and Article VIII. Compliance efforts with respect to these laws and regulations are the responsibility of each member of the campus community and are under the direction of the Dean of Students Office for Student Issues (2nd floor, ESU, 676-7156) and the Human Resources Office (Sherman Administration Building, 769-3304) for employee issues.

Institutional Statement

DROP FOR NON-PAYMENT:  By registering at North Idaho College, you agree to provide payment by the due dates. You will be dropped from classes if payment is not received by  5 p.m. Pacific Time on the third day of the semester. Students on the waitlist will be given the option to register for classes after students are dropped for non-payment.

DROP FOR NON-ATTENDANCE:  You must attend and participate in the first week of this class. Failure to do so will result in your being dropped from this class and may result in your financial aid award being reduced. For Internet classes, attendance is based on participation in an instructional activity; you must complete the first week’s assignment(s) by the assignment due date. Drop for non-attendance occurs at 5 p.m. Pacific Time on the second Tuesday of the semester.